David Peter Maxwell Hawker is an Australian Politician. He was born on May 1, 1949 in Adelaide. From May 1983 to 2010, he was a Liberal Member of the Australian House of Representatives. He was representing the Division of Wannon, Victoria. This position was represented by Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser before Hawker. He went to school in Geelong Grammar School and the University of Melbourne. Before he became a politician, he used to be an engineer, a farmer and a grazier. He came from a family of politicians. Charles Hawker a member of the House Representative is his cousin, George Charles Hawker, speaker of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1860 to 1865 if his great-grandfather.
From 1990 to 1993, Hawker was a member of the Opposition Shadow Ministry. From 1989 to 1990 and during 1994, he was a Deputy Opposition Whip. During 1994 to 1996, he became a Chief Opposition Whip. The parliamentary Liberal Party Chose Hawker as their candidate as the Speaker of the House of Representatives back in November 15, 2004. He was replaced by Harry Jenkins as Speaker of the House during February 12, 2008. During 2009, he announced that he will not continue in the parliament anymore during the 2010 federal election.
In the early parts of Hawker’s term, there has been a lot of controversies in his rulings. One of these rulings was from the the motions by the Australian Labor Party Opposition. There was a debate that was anticipated from the question and response from Brendan Nelson and Sophie Mirabella about school funding back in December 1, 2004. This lead to dissent motion on the portfolio of the subject. Another dissent in motion which was during the December 7 2004 as the Opposition’s desire to question De-Anne Kelly about her supposed approval to the funding on a project which is not related to the Veteran’s affairs portfolio. During November 28 2005, there was another dissent in motion on the ruling of the Member for Perth made him stay on his position. These dissent motions were all voted down. The Speaker responded to the Point of Order from the Leader of the Opposition that the motion was a “request.”
There was another dissent motion during the ruling that Hawker made during 2006. The Speaker’s impartiality became an issue to the media because of this. When a motion about share trading was moved by one of the member of Wills Kelvin Thomson on May 2006, Tony Abbott, the Leader of the House, used unparliamentary terms in moving the motion. This lead to the withdrawal of the motion and Hawker remained in the seat. Julia Gillard who was the manager of the Opposition Business back then, moved the motion. But the motion was not successful. The controversy of the impartiality lead to the throwing out of eleven Labor members in just one day.